XAALADDA COVID-19

Waa maxay COVID-19?
Coronavirus waa nooc ka mid ah fayras caadi ah oo keena caabuq sankaaga, sinuska, ama cunaha sare.Inta badan coronaviruses maahan khatar.

Horraantii 2020, kadib Diseembar 2019 ka dillaacay Shiinaha, Ururka Caafimaadka Adduunka wuxuu u aqoonsaday SARS-CoV-2 inuu yahay nooc cusub oo coronavirus ah.Faafida ayaa si degdeg ah ugu fiday adduunka oo dhan.

COVID-19 waa cudur uu keeno SARS-CoV-2 oo kicin kara waxa ay dhakhaatiirtu ugu yeeraan caabuqa hab-mareenka.Waxay saameyn kartaa habka neefsashada ee sare (sinuses, sanka, iyo cunaha) ama mareenka neefsashada hoose (tuubada iyo sambabada).

Waxay u fidaa si la mid ah sida coronaviruses-ka kale ay u faafaan, badiyaa iyada oo la xiriirta qof-ka-qof.Caabuqadu waxay u dhexeeyaan mid fudud ilaa kuwo dilaa ah.

SARS-CoV-2 waa mid ka mid ah toddobada nooc ee coronavirus, oo ay ku jiraan kuwa sababa cudurro daran sida Bariga Dhexe ee neef-mareenka syndrome (MERS) iyo xanuunka neef-mareenka degdega ah (SARS).Fayrasyada kale waxay sababaan inta badan hargabka na saameeya sanadka gudihiisa laakiin aan khatar weyn ku ahayn dadka kale ee caafimaadka qaba.

Intii lagu jiray cudurka faafa, saynisyahannadu waxay si dhow isha ugu hayeen noocyada sida:
Alfa
Beta
Gamma
Delta
Omicron
Lambda
Mu
Ilaa intee ayuu coronavirus-ku sii jirayaa?

Ma jirto qaab lagu sheegi karo inta uu cudurku sii socon doono.Waxaa jira arrimo badan, oo ay ku jiraan dadaalka dadwaynaha si loo yareeyo faafitaanka, shaqada cilmi-baarayaasha si ay wax badan uga bartaan fayraska, raadinta daaweynta, iyo guusha tallaalka.

Calaamadaha COVID-19
Calaamadaha ugu waaweyn waxaa ka mid ah:

Qandho
Qufac
Neefta oo ku yaraata
Neefsashada oo dhib
Daal
Qarqaryo, mararka qaarkood rux
Jir xanuun
Madax xanuunka
Cune xanuun
Ciriiri/sanka oo dareera
Luminta urta ama dhadhanka
Lalabo
Shuban
Fayrasku wuxuu u horseedi karaa oof-wareen, neef-mareen-xumo, dhibaatooyin wadnaha, dhibaatooyin beerka, shoog septic, iyo dhimasho.Dhibaatooyin badan oo COVID-19 ah waxaa sababi kara xaalad loo yaqaanno cytokine release syndrome ama duufaan cytokine ah.Tani waa marka infekshanku uu kiciyo habka difaacaaga inuu ku daadiyo dhiiggaaga borotiinno caabuq ah oo loo yaqaan 'cytokines'.Waxay dili karaan unugyada waxayna dhaawici karaan xubnahaaga.Xaaladaha qaarkood, tallaalka sambabada ayaa loo baahday.

Haddii aad naftaada ama qofka aad jeceshahay ku aragto calaamadaha daran ee soo socda, hel gargaar caafimaad isla markaaba:

Neefsashada oo dhib ah ama neefta oo ku yaraata
Xabad xanuun ama cadaadis joogto ah
Jahawareer
Si buuxda uma toosi karo
dibnaha ama wejiga oo buluug ah
Faalig ayaa sidoo kale laga soo sheegay dadka qaar ee qaba COVID-19.Xusuusnow DHAQSO:

WajiDhinac ka mid ah wejiga qofka ma kabuubyo mise hoos buu u dhacayaa?Dhoola-cadeyntoodu miyey rogmatay?
GacmahaMid ka mid ah cudud ma daciif yahay ama kabuubyo?Haddii ay isku dayaan inay kor u qaadaan labada gacmood, hal cudud miyay kacday?
Hadal.Si cad ma u hadli karaan?Weydii inay ku celiyaan jumlad.
Waqtiga.Daqiiqad kasta ayaa la tiriyaa marka qof uu muujiyo calaamadaha istaroogga.Isla markiiba wac 911.
Haddii aad cudurka qabto, calaamaduhu waxay soo bixi karaan 2 maalmood gudahood ama in ka badan 14. Way ku kala duwan yihiin qof ilaa qof.

Sida laga soo xigtay cilmi-baarayaasha Shiinaha, kuwani waxay ahaayeen calaamadaha ugu caansan dadka qaba COVID-19:

Qandho 99%
Daal 70%
Qufac 59%
cunto xumo 40%
Jirka xanuun 35%
Neefta oo ku yaraata 31%
Xabagta/xabagta 27%
Dadka qaar ee cosbitaalka loo dhigay COVID-19 ayaa sidoo kale leh xinjiro dhiig oo khatar ah, oo ay ku jiraan lugaha, sambabada, iyo halbowlayaasha.

Maxaad samayn lahayd haddii aad u malaynayso inaad haysatid

Haddii aad ku nooshahay ama aad u safartay aag uu COVID-19 ku faafo:

Haddi aanad caafimaad qabin, guriga joog.Xitaa haddii aad leedahay calaamado fudud sida madax-xanuun iyo diif, joog ilaa aad ka fiicnaanayso.Tani waxay u ogolaanaysaa takhaatiirta inay diirada saaraan dadka aadka u xanuunsan waxayna ilaalisaa shaqaalaha daryeelka caafimaadka iyo dadka aad la kulmi karto inta aad jidka ku jirto.Waxaa laga yaabaa inaad maqasho tan loo yaqaan is-karantiil.Isku day inaad qol gooni ah ku jirto oo ka fog dadka kale ee gurigaaga.Isticmaal musqul gooni ah haddii aad awooddo.


Waqtiga boostada: Jan-19-2022